To achieve any significant reduction in non-renewable resources usage businesses have to consider entire value chains and networks. It must be remembered that many of the value chains relevant to Germany are based outside the country, meaning that new approaches need to be developed for collaborative implementation between German businesses and foreign suppliers in order to improve demand for or consumption of resources, to reduce emissions and environmental impact throughout the value chain, and also to improve working conditions.
It is also important to the development of the Green Economy to clarify how biodiversity and ecosystem services can be appropriately (economically) evaluated and better factored into business and national economic processes.
Realisation of the Green Economy requires changes to production and consumption habits to become sustainable, factoring in megatrends in order to ensure prosperity and high quality of life both globally and also for future generations. The interactions between the various groups of players, for instance between producers and consumers or between the financial sector and the real economy, play a major role. This demands interdisciplinary research approaches and in many cases means looking beyond individual industrial sectors and state borders.
Within the research agenda, development for the Green Economy should be supported in the following six action fields by application related research:
Production and resources: raw materials, water and land
Sustainability and financial services
Sustainable supply and use of energy in the economy
Sustainable mobility systems
Infrastructures and intelligent supply systems for the City of the Future